Exercises of Practical Life

These are activities which satisfy the child’s tendency to imitate and develop coordination of movement, independence, self-confidence, self care, self awareness, the social skills of grace and courtesy, awareness of and care for the environment (indoors and out of doors), problem-solving, concentration, attention, order, and positive attitudes towards learning.

Sensorial Materials

These are activities for the development and refinement of the senses. The materials isolate one single physical quality from the environment (e.g. dimension, color, shape, or texture). Focusing on the use of one sense at a time (e.g. visual, auditory, tactile, etc.) enables the child to exercise and refine each sense to the utmost. This refinement is essential for the development of the mathematical mind (i.e. the ability to discriminate differences, similarities, and identities) of memory, understanding and will, (the facilities of intelligence), the imagination, and consequently the appreciation and interpretation of language and fine arts.

Mathematical Materials

These are activities by means of which the child does not learn mathematics but discovers them. The child acquires the necessary skills to calculate in the decimal system and in others bases (i.e. the binary system) by exploration moving from concrete experiences to abstraction.

Language Materials

These are activities by which the child phonetically acquires the basic skills for complete writing and reading. At a very early age the child develops an understanding of the parts of speech, oral expression, creative writing, interpretive reading and appreciation of prose and poetry. The language program also includes what we call “keys to the cultural subjects”. Once the child is versatile in the use of all the above skills, he/she possesses the necessary tools and “keys” to explore the world of knowledge.


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